- Brief history of the law: Abortion is legal in China at all times.
- Short summary of conditions within the law
- To save the life of the woman : yes
- To preserve physical health : yes
- To preserve mental health : yes
- Rape or incest : yes
- Foetal impairment : yes
- Economic or social reasons : yes
- Available on request : yes
- Abortion could be provided under all the above conditions.
- Analysis of it being restrictive if at all
Family Planning is the basic policy in China.
Abortion is conducted by medical doctors.
Signatory to ICPD, CEDAW : Yes
In China , there were about 7.63 million abortions in 2007 .
Ref. PRC Ministry of Health Statistical Digest. 2008 Chinese Health Statistical Digest.
http://126.96.36.199/publicfiles/business/htmlfiles/zwgkzt/ptjnj/year2008/7.htm (accessed 18 Nov 2008 ).
About 95% of abortion are 1 st TM, about 5% are 2 nd TM .
Details on safe, unsafe, married women, unmarried women, adolescents, Septic abortions: Regarding the above items, there are no official statistics available from MOH or National Population and Family Planning Commission of PC China.
Abortion services are available for both 1 st Trimester and 2 nd Trimester
Cost : In general, g overnment covers all the cost of abortion in China .
In general, private hospital is not allowed to provide abortion services, excepting them having got the special permission from the local government. The cost of abortion is much higher than that in public hospital.
D&C, EVA, MVA, MMA with Mife Miso, MMA with Miso alone, MMA with Methotrexate Miso
Excepting MMA with Methotrexate Miso, all of the above methods are used for the first trimester abortion.
2 nd Trimester with Ethacridine lactate , Misoprostol, D&E, Hyterotomy
Ethacridine lactate, Mife + Mis o, D&E, Hyterotomy are used for the second trimester abortion.
Only Ob/Gy and family planning doctors are allowed to do surgical and medical abortion in China since 2003.
No official statistics available from MOH or National Population and Family Planning Commission of PC China. I think there is small number of morbidity related to abortion, and almost no mortality directly related to abortion in China.
Manufacture and / or availability through import of abortion equipment (MVA syringes, EVA equipment)
There is domestic product of abortion equipment in China.
We have Mife and Miso made in China
Each hospital and provider needs a certification for abortion services in China.
There is a national guideline of abortion (surgical and medical) in China.
A few private clinics or hospitals.
Population urban / rural – Demography of the country, with an analysis of availability of abortion services ratio to population
No official statistics available from MOH or National Population and Family Planning Commission of PC China.
In China, government plays very an important role for keeping abortion safe. It is supportive, provides adequate funding to run training and service delivery programmes
Enabling, supportive, neutral, restrictive
Medical method for second trimester abortion is the potential of research.
I am the Chairperson of Chinese Family Planning association; our team and I are doing our best for contraception and safe abortion in China.